Safety Resources

Use these resources to support and further your department’s comprehensive focus on personal safety – on the fireground, while training, at the station, and while driving. Ongoing awareness of your surroundings and proactive measures to mitigate potential threats will help ensure that you can be there for your department, your family, and your community.

General Safety Resources

Rules of Engagement for Firefighter Survival and Incident Commander’s Rules of Engagement for Firefighter Safety
International Association of Fire Chiefs
The IAFC developed these Rules of Engagement to provide best practice model procedures that departments can use as part of their standard operating procedures/guidelines and firefighter training programs.

Rules of Engagement for Structural Firefighting: Increasing Firefighter Survival
International Association of Fire Chiefs
This report from the IAFC Safety, Health and Survival Section details the objectives, explanations, case histories, and lesson plans for the Rules of Engagement for Firefighter Survival and the Incident Commander’s Rules of Engagement for Firefighter Safety.

National Safety Culture Change Initiative
U.S. Fire Administration and International Association of Fire Chiefs
The goal of this initiative is to implement and demonstrate cultural change for safety and health within the fire service. The study will identify individual and organizational behaviors that adversely impact firefighter health and safety and develop strategies to mitigate them. Project deliverables developed will include checklists and informational materials for fire chiefs, officers, and firefighters; training materials and assessment tools for fire departments, and a dedicated web site.

IAFC Safety, Health and Survival Section
International Association of Fire Chiefs
The IAFC Safety, Health and Survival Section was established to provide a specific component within the IAFC to concentrate on policies and issues relating to the health and safety of firefighters.

B.E.S.T. Practices for Firefighter Health and Safety
National Volunteer Fire Council
The NVFC developed the Firefighter Health and Safety Priorities to provide specific steps departments should take to protect their personnel. The priorities are set forth in a series of B.E.S.T. Practices covering the four main categories of Behavior, Equipment, Standards and Codes, and Training. Resources for implementing the B.E.S.T. Practices are also provided.

Everyone Goes Home
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation
Recognizing the need to do more to prevent line-of-duty deaths and injuries, the National Fallen Firefighters Foundation launched this initiative to bring prevention to the forefront. Everyone Goes Home consists of 16 major life safety initiatives that give the fire service a blueprint for making changes.

NFPA Standards
National Fire Protection Association
The NFPA offers standards on a wide range of safety topics, including NFPA 1500: Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program, NFPA 1521: Standard for Fire Department Safety Officer, various equipment standards, and more.

National Fire Fighter Near-Miss Reporting System
The National Fire Fighter Near-Miss Reporting System is a voluntary, confidential, non-punitive, and secure reporting system with the goal of improving firefighter safety. Submitted reports are reviewed by fire service professionals and identifying descriptions are removed to protect your identity. The report is then posted on this web site for other firefighters to use as a learning tool.

Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NIOSH conducts independent investigations of firefighter line of duty deaths. This webpage provides access to NIOSH investigation reports and fire safety resources to help prevent future fatalities.

Operations Resources
International Association of Fire Chiefs
The IAFC has compiled resources for a variety of safety topics, including communications and technology, disaster management/homeland security, fire prevention, hazardous materials, safety and health, technical rescue, volunteer and combination, and wildland-urban interface.

Safety Resources
National Volunteer Fire Council
The NVFC has compiled resources and research for firefighter/EMS safety, including equipment and vehicle safety.

Training Webinars
National Volunteer Fire Council
The NVFC offers a series of online training courses on a variety of safety topics, including the Incident Safety Officer series, the Equipment Management series, Pump Operations and Maintenance, and Choosing the Right PPE.

Fire Ground  Survival Training Program
International Association of Fire Fighters
The purpose of this program is to ensure that training for Mayday prevention and Mayday operations are consistent between all fire fighters, company officers, and chief officers.

USFA/NIST Research
U.S. Fire Administration and National Institute of Standards and Technology
The USFA and NIST conduct numerous studies to research innovative technologies to enhance firefighter operational safety and effectiveness as well as enhance the safety of firefighter protective clothing and equipment. These include:

6 Minutes for Safety
Wildfire Lessons Learned Center
This is a tool created for and by fire personnel with the purpose of actively troubleshooting known high risk situations encountered on the fireline.

Heat Related Pocket Card
National Wildlfire Coordinating Group
The intent of this guide is to provide a concise collection of Heat Related Illness (HRI) prevention information, including information on individual risk factors, fluid replacement, and warning signs. This information can be printed and folded into a pocket card.

Emergency Response Guidebook
Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
PHMSA’s Emergency Response Guidebook provides first responders with a go-to manual to help deal with hazmat accidents during the critical first 30 minutes. DOT’s goal is to place an ERG in every emergency service vehicle nationwide. The ERG is also available as a mobile app for iPhone and Android devices. PHMSA’s Hazardous Materials Safety Assistance Team also offers free ERG training presentations to departments across the country.

Pipeline Emergencies
National Association of State Fire Marshals/Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
The Pipeline Emergencies training curriculum is tailored to the needs of emergency responders and provides a comprehensive overview of pipeline operations and pipeline emergency response. It includes information about the commodities transported by pipelines, an instructor’s guide for fire trainers, and mobile apps for iPhone and Android devices.

Building Performance Awareness of Modern Construction during Fires
U.S. Fire Administration and American Wood Council
To create a safer operational environment for firefighters by increasing awareness about the performance of modern construction components and technology during fires, USFA worked with the AWC to provide an updated educational program for the fire service on modern construction components and technology. The web-based program consists of FireFrame,, and

Structural Collapse Prediction Technology Research
U.S. Fire Administration and National Institute of Standards and Technology
As part of a larger research program to help reduce firefighter injuries and fatalities, the USFA funded the NIST to examine the feasibility of predicting structural collapse and determine if there were any trends and/or patterns that could be detected in firefighter fatalities due to structural collapse.

Emergency Vehicle Safety Resources

Guide to Model Policies and Procedures for Emergency Vehicle Safety
U.S. Fire Administration and International Association of Fire Chiefs
This guide provides resources to assist departments in researching and developing their own written policies and procedures for emergency vehicle safety.

STOP – Vehicle Safety Training
National Volunteer Fire Council
The NVFC offers the STOP (Safety Tops Our Priorities) training series on vehicle safety. Three courses are currently available. The training is provided using an online platform from McNeil and Company’s Emergency Services Insurance Program (ESIP).

International First Responder Seatbelt Pledge
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation
Firefighters and emergency service personnel are encouraged to sign the Seatbelt Pledge in an effort to ensure the safety of all first responders driving or riding in fire department apparatus. This web site, administered through the National Fallen Firefighters Foundation’s Everyone Goes Home program, also includes public service announcements, videos, posters, training, and other resources for getting first responders to buckle up.

Emergency Vehicle Safe Operations for Volunteer & Small Combination Emergency Service Organizations
National Volunteer Fire Council
The NVFC, with guidance from VFIS, developed the second edition of this resource to prevent firefighter deaths and injuries caused by vehicle related accidents. This guide includes emergency vehicle safety best practices, standard operating guideline and procedure examples, and behavioral motivation techniques to enhance emergency vehicle safety. A companion webinar is available through the NVFC Virtual Classroom.

USFA Emergency Vehicle Safety Initiative
U.S. Fire Administration
This initiative, updated in 2014, identifies best practices that have the potential to decrease the risk to safety at highway incidents. The goal of this initiative is to reduce deaths from vehicle crashes and roadway operations among emergency responders, including fire, EMS, and law enforcement.

Emergency Responder Roadway Operations Safety
U.S. Fire Administration
Resources at this site include Best Practices for Emergency Vehicle Visibility, Study of Traffic Incident Management Systems, and Recruitment and Retention of Fire Service Traffic Control Personnel.

Best Practices for Emergency Vehicle and Roadway Operations Safety
U.S. Fire Administration and International Association of Fire Fighters
This guide, developed by the U.S. Fire Administration in partnership with the IAFF, highlights the results of a U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice supported initiative to enhance vehicle and roadway operations safety for firefighters and law enforcement officers.

Traffic Incident Management/
International Association of Fire Chiefs and Federal Highway Administration
Visit for information about Traffic Incident Management (TIM) training, resources, and information in your state.

Traffic Incident Management Systems
U.S. Fire Administration and Federal Highway Administration
In partnership with the International Fire Service Training Association, a study was conducted to enhance the safety of firefighters and other emergency responders working on the roadway and increase operational effectiveness at roadway incidents. The resulting manual provides technical and training program information for fire and emergency service providers and includes case studies.

Emergency Responder Safety Institute
Cumberland Valley Volunteer Firemen’s Association
The Emergency Responder Safety Institute serves as an advisory group of public safety leaders and transportation experts committed to reducing deaths and injuries to America’s First Responders. They offer resources, training, and videos on safety issues to protect emergency responders at roadway incidents.

Traffic Incident Management and Responder Safety
Emergency Responder Safety Institute
This document contains statistics relating to roadway incident safety and provides an outline of the core elements of a comprehensive Roadway Incident Safety Program.

Roadway Incident Safety References and Resources
Emergency Responder Safety Institute
The Emergency Responder Safety Institute compiled a list of roadway incident safety links and resources.

Vehicle Marking and Technology for Increased Highway Visibility: A Reference Guide for Decision-Makers
U.S. Fire Administration and Emergency Responder Safety Institute
This guide identifies ways to increase visibility of emergency vehicles to motorists approaching them, especially to try to limit rear-end collisions. The focus is on emergency vehicles not covered by existing standards.

Drive to Survive
This web site provides resources and training opportunities to educate first responders on vehicle operations and crash prevention.